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Journal Article

Lithium niobate piezo-optomechanical crystals

Demonstrating a device that efficiently connects light, motion, and microwaves is an outstanding challenge in classical and quantum photonics. We make significant progress in this direction by demonstrating a photonic crystal resonator on thin-film lithium niobate (LN) that simultaneously supports high-Q optical and mechanical modes, and where the mechanical modes are coupled piezoelectrically to microwaves. For optomechanical coupling, we leverage the photoelastic effect in LN by optimizing the device parameters to realize coupling rates g0/2 pi approximate to 120 kHz. An optomechanical cooperativity C > 1 is achieved leading to phonon lasing. Electrodes on the nanoresonator piezoelectrically drive mechanical waves on the beam that are then read out optically allowing direct observation of the phononic bandgap. Quantum coupling efficiency of eta approximate to 10-8 from the input microwave port to the localized mechanical resonance is measured. Improvements of the microwave circuit and electrode geometry can increase this efficiency and bring integrated ultra-low-power modulators and quantum microwave-to-optical converters closer to reality.
Wentao Jiang
Rishi N. Patel
Felix M. Mayor
Timothy P. McKenna
Patricio Arrangoiz-Arriola
Christopher J. Sarabalis
Jeremy D. Witmer
Raphael Van Laer
Amir H. Safavi-Naeini
Journal Name
Publication Date
July 20, 2019